Diabetes type I-II
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is the condition when the body doesn’t properly digest sugar to be used as energy. Most of the food we are eating is becoming glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy.
The pancreas: is an organ that lies close to the diaphragm, makes an internal secretion known as insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.
Once you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t create enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it supposed to.
In this causes sugars accumulate up in your blood. This is why many people refer to diabetes as ―sugar Diabetes can cause serious health complications like, heart problems, blindness, kidney disease, and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes disease is the seventh leading reason for death within the United States.
How prevailing is diabetes among blacks?
- The prevalence of this condition among blacks has quadrupled during the past 30 years.
- Blacks are 1.7 times as probably to develop diabetes as whites.
- Among blacks age 20 and older, about 2.3 million have diabetes – 10.8 % of that group.
- Blacks with diabetes are more likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop diabetes and to experience more disability from diabetes-related complications such as amputations, adult visual disorder, renal failure, and raised risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Death rates for blacks with diabetes are 27 percent higher than for whites. What are the symptoms of diabetes? People who suppose they could have diabetes should visit a Dr. for diagnosis. They might have SOME or NONE of the subsequent symptoms:
- Frequent urination.
- Excessive thirst.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Extreme hunger 1.
- Sudden vision changes.
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet.
- Feeling very tired much of the time.
- Very dry skin.
- Sores that is slow to heal.
- More infections than usual. Nausea, vomiting, or abdomen pains might accompany a number of these symptoms with abrupt onset of insulin-dependent diabetes, currently called type one diabetes.
What are the kinds of diabetes?
Type one diabetes, known as insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) or could account for five % to ten % of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Risk factors are less well known for type one diabetes than for type two diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are concerned within the development of this type of diabetes.
Type two diabetes, was known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult diabetes. type two diabetes could account for around ninety percent to ninety five % of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
What causes type one diabetes?
Type one diabetes is caused by an absence of insulin because of the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas gland. In type one diabetes— an autoimmune related disease— the body’s defense system attacks and destroys the beta cells. Normally, the body defenses protects the body from infection by finding and destroying microorganism, viruses, and different probably harmful foreign substances. But in autoimmune diseases, the immune cells attacks the body’s own cells. In type 1 diabetes, beta cell destruction might happen over many years, however symptoms of the disease sometimes develop over a brief period of your time. Type one diabetes generally happens in kids and young adults, although it will appear at any age. in the past, type one diabetes was known as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.